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(VII) Img. ID: 251928 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 4 and 5, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 4 and 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Ship
Ahasuerus' and Esther's wedding
Haman casting Pur - Haman aiming at the Zodiac wheel (based on Midrash)
Foliate and floral ornaments
Portrait medallion
Acanthus Leaf
Architectonic motif
Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606804
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of a bearded man with a flat cap on the head (Mordecai?) and a bust of a man in a long curly wig and tricorn hat on it (one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14?, one of the servants?) are depicted. In the lower margin, there are two frames:

Frame 4: In the frame, a wedding ceremony of Ahasuerus and Esther is represented. The scene is witnessed by a group of men standing on the left and a group of women standing on the right. The Book of Esther does not mention this episode and the source for this representation remains unknown. It can be influenced by European paintings in which the scene of the marriage of the Virgin Mary and Josef was similarly composed. This can also explain the dress of a man standing in the center that refers to the high priest's robes. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with landscapes" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index).

Frame 5: On the left, a man with a bow in his hands is depicted; he is aiming at the wheel with the signs of Zodiac on its perimeter (on the right). The scene is shown against the landscape. The depiction symbolically shows the moment of casting lots by Haman (alludes to Es. 3:7). The Book of Esther mentions only casting lots that means appointing the least favorable period for Jews, but there is no reference to the signs of Zodiac in the text.

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a ship on the sea, 2) a landscape with hills and a castle (?), 3) a castle (?) on a hill-island on the sea.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251928
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a