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<p>Col. 1:</p> <p>Top margin: A city-scape, represented by a crowded group of buildings and towers, is depicted in the top margin with the Hebrew inscription, שושן, Shushan. The buildings have pointed roofs, wide arches and many windows and the towers are surmounted by spires. To the right of the city, above the margin on the right, is a scene of stags and birds among trees.</p> <p>The margin to the right of the text column contains four scenes within rectangular panels set one above the other.</p> <p>The upper panel contains a crowded cityscape with buildings and towers, representing the land of Persia. The buildings have pointed roofs, wide arches and many windows. The towers are surmounted by tall spires and a flag flies from one of them. The Hebrew word,,פרס "Persia", is inscribed twice above the scene.</p> <p>The panel, second from the top in the margin on the right, contains a scene of Ahasuerus sitting on an ornate throne. He is crowned and bearded and holds a scepter. A Hebrew inscription is written above the scene on the right, as follows: אחשורוש יושב על כסא מלכותו, Ahasuerus seated on the throne of his kingdom" (Es. 1:2).</p> <p>The second panel from the bottom, in the right margin, contains a city- scape which represents the land of Media. The city is crowded with buildings and towers. The buildings have pointed roofs, wide arches and many windows and the towers are surmounted by tall spires. A Hebrew inscription is written above the scene as follows, מדי, "Media".</p> <p>The bottom panel in the margin to the right of the text column contains a scene of Ahasuerus sitting on a throne at the head of a laid table. He wears a soft, pointed cap and lifts a goblet.  Three more figures sit around the table. The figure on the left raises a goblet towards the king and the figure on the right holds a cup and faces a servant who approaches from the right with a tray of food. A dog stands at the feet the servant. Dishes and goblets are arranged on the table and a pot containing three vessels rests on the floor by the table. A Hebrew inscription is written above the scene on the right as follows, ויעש המלך משתה, "and the king made a feast" (Es. 1:5).</p> <div> <div>The bottom margin contains a scene of Vashti sitting on a throne on the left at the head of a long laid table. She holds a cup in her left hand and a flask in her right. Ten women sit around the table, holding cups and spoons. One of the women sits before the table playing with a dog. Another dog jumps up on the right.Dishes and goblets are arranged on the table. A maidservant stands on the right holding a ladle in one hand and resting her other hand on a vessel. Another vessel stands on the ground to her left.</div> <div>A Hebrew inscription is written above the scene on the left,גם ושתי המלכה עשתה משתה נשים "Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women" (Es.</div> <div>1:9).</div> <div> </div> </div>
Name/Title
JHI Sepia Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Col. 1
Date
18th century (1740?)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Europe | Central Europe
| Vienna (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| C-326 (former numbers: C-254/3, 6715, 405)
Material/Technique
Ink on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
ca. 190 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0–  Coordinates: 0.000000, 0.000000
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew
Codicology

The scroll consists of 3 membranes with 11 text columns with 27 lines per each, except for the col. 9 with the names of Haman's sons that are inscribed in 11 lines. The membranes contain respectively 4, 5, and 2 text columns.

The text column space is (131-133) x (82-123) mm, while the col. 9 with the names of Haman's sons is 134 x 106 mm. The height of a text panel with decoration is 178-180 mm.

The text is written on the flesh side in the square Ashkenazi stam script, in light brown ink. Haman's sons and the letters forming the names of God as well as ח in Es. 1:6 and ת in Es. 9:29 are written in a larger script.

The ruling is made by a stylus on the flesh side and is barely discernible. It contains 27 horizontal lines ruled across the width of each sheet and 1+1 vertical lines for each column. The pricking is visible on the outer and inner margins of each sheet.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Sheets are sewn by sinew threads.

The opening edge of the scroll was probably cut off.

Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In verse Es. 2:3 (שמר הנשים ונתון תמרקיהן) some letters are marked by tagim. This may be the way how the date of creation of the scroll was marked - 5500 that is 1739 or 1740 according to the Gregorian calendar.

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available on http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Opening edge, back side: the former shelfmarks 6715 and 405 are written on a sticker and the new JHI shelfmark, ŻIH C-254/5 is written on the parchment. Transferred in 1948 to the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw from the Central Storage of the Ministry of Culture and Art in Narozyn (in the region of Klodzko in Wroclaw county).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Iwona Brzewska, Magdalena Sieramska, Katalog, rzemiosło artystyczne, [in:] Muzeum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego. Zbiory artystyczne, Auriga Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe Warszawa 1995, 34, fig. 60.

Dagmara Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki, Żydowski Instytut Historyczny Warszawa 2019, 1:228-248, 2: 27-32.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katzir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Researcher
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katzir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
0006078