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(VII) Img. ID: 233132 Wooden Synagogue in Hvizdets' (Gwoździec) - Vault Decoration, , Hvizdets' (Gvozdets, Gwoździec), The earliest date, most likely, on the inscription panel on the eastern wall - 1686. The date on the entrance door – 1717. The date of the murals on the vault – 1729. edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Hvizdets' (Gwoździec) - Vault Decoration | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Israel son of Mordechai from Yarychiv (Jaryczów) (painter),Isaac son of Rabbi Judah Leib ha-Cohen (painter) (Unknown)
5 Date The earliest date, most likely, on the inscription panel on the eastern wall - 1686. The date on the entrance door – 1717. The date of the murals on the vault – 1729.
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivs'ka obl. | Hvizdets' (Gvozdets, Gwoździec)
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8 Community Ashkenazi
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9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Tel Aviv Museum of Art
| 477
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Building does not exist
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11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei
Scorpio (Scorpion), Zodiac Sign of Heshvan
Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet
Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat
Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan
Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan
Cancer (Crab), Zodiac Sign of Tammuz
Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av
Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul
Pisces (Fish), Zodiac Sign of Adar
Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar
Lion and unicorn
Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev
A griffin fighting a griffin |
14 Category
17 Photographer Breyer, Alois
18 Photograph Date 1910-1913
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A354867
20 Description

The murals of the vault, constructed as a hierarchical composition, correlated with architectural structure of the vault.

The entire surface of the vault are covered with a set of floral ornamentation consisting of flowers and fruits, among which were placed medallions of various shapes, filled by a single motif or text. Each part of the vault are separated from other by decorative friezes and inscriptions.

The first step (square vaulting) are decorated by Zodiac cycle. Each of the zodiac signs is situated in round medallion and is designated by inscription. Each side of the square are filled by three zodiacs, which corresponds to the four seasons.  

The second step (octagonal vaulting ) has complicated decorative program. Four trapezoidal parts of this step of vaulting are divided on two levels. The upper level consist of central placed focal images (Two griffins supported the Tables of Low , Lion and Unicorn in “combat” , Two Griffins in combat, Lion and Unicorn in “combat”, Bear holding a shrub or branches) , which is flanked by secondary images. The lower level was made as wide band (frieze) decorated by animal’s images.

The triangular pendentives also divided on two levels. The upper level was filled by inscription putted inside portal-shaped frames. In the lower level are depicted an images  (Leviathan encircled a city, Bull – Shor,Elephant with the tower on the back).

The flat triangular spaces between pendentives and the last rectangular frame of the vault are filled be images of:  The heraldic eagle, Three rabbits running after each other in a circle (twice), Three intersecting fish. 

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
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46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233132
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a