Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 233060 Ashkenazi Pentateuch (tikkun) for Torah Scrolls and its Binding, Binding, front cover, Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Text: first half of the 13th century. Binding: 1470s edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title Ashkenazi Pentateuch (tikkun) for Torah Scrolls and its Binding | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Binding, front cover
4a Artist/ Maker Meir Jaffe ben Israel of Heidelberg (Binder)
5 Date Text: first half of the 13th century. Binding: 1470s
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nuremberg (Nürnberg)
| (Binding)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 212 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 212)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Nuremberg, coat of arms
Foliate scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M000890
20 Description

The 15th-century leather binding is decorated in the so-called cuir ciselé technique and signed on the front cover by Meir Yaffe the artist. The front and back covers are fitted with central brass bosses in a flower shape with a raised knob in the centre (c.30 x 30 mm) and four protective metal corner pieces decorated with a knob and fleur-de-lis in open-work technique (c.37 x 37 mm).

Two modern (1951) light brown leather strips are nailed to the original metal pieces of the back cover, closing the book in front with the original metal clasps (26-29 x 16-19 mm). The modern (1951) light brown spine is divided into five sections by four raised cords with head and tail bands.

The front cover decoration consists of an inscribed frame enclosing a central panel (176 x110 mm).

The inscription reads (from top, clockwise):

החומש ל/ העיצה מנירנב/ ערקא שי'/ חי'/ מאיר יפ'/ (בתוך מגנית קטנה ובה רשום באותיות קטנות יותר): המצ/ ייר:

"The Pentateuch of the Nuremberg Council; May he live (a long life) Meir Yaffe the painter (the last word within a small shield, in smaller script)".

The upper part of the panel is decorated with the coat-of-arms of the city of Nuremberg (67 x55 mm) divided vertically down the centre, depicting on the left half a spread eagle with open beak and protruding tongue, and on the right three diagonal stripes. Below the arms is a deer raising its right foreleg. The arms and the deer are surrounded by scrolls of acanthus leaves. The back cover is decorated with large scrolls of acanthus leaves in the same technique. Some leaves have the image of a bearded human face in profile. 

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
15th-century brown leather on wooden boards, cuir ciselé technique, centre and corner brass bosses, side clasps.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
c.250 x 190 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a