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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1994
Most of the synagogue floor, from the north-western entrance to the south-western end, is decorated with mosaics in the nave, the eastern aisles and the intercolumnar spaces. Fragments of geometric panels can be found near and between the columns which divide the nave from the western aisle. The mosaic in the nave is divided into three panels: 1. The northern panel containing a dedicatory Greek inscription flanked by two lions (7816). 2. The central panel depicting the zodiac wheel. In it Helios is surrounded by the twelve zodiac signs. Each spandrel of this panel contains a representation of one of the seasons (7991). 3. The southern panel depicting the sanctuary implements (7846). All panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the center. The zodiac panel and the panel which consists of an inscription are framed together by a double parallel line. The sanctuary implements panel is framed by a separate double parallel line. The nave and the eastern intercolumnar panels are surrounded by a white background, adorned with flowers and rhombus designs. Two of these geometric panels include inscriptions in Greek and Aramaic.
Name/Title
Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
286-337 CE
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Israel | Tiberias
| Hamat Tiberias National Park
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Mosaic
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
fghr
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
D.D. & T.N. | 12.1994
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
030037