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(VII) Img. ID: 233 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine,Late Roman - early Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Hammat Tiberias
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Foliate and floral ornaments
Zodiac Signs
Seasons, the Four (as commonly listed from Autumn until Summer)
Helios
Lion
Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030037
20 Description Most of the synagogue floor, from the north-western entrance to the south-western end, is decorated with mosaics in the nave, the eastern aisles and the intercolumnar spaces. Fragments of geometric panels can be found near and between the columns which divide the nave from the western aisle. The mosaic in the nave is divided into three panels: 1. The northern panel containing a dedicatory Greek inscription flanked by two lions (7816). 2. The central panel depicting the zodiac wheel. In it Helios is surrounded by the twelve zodiac signs. Each spandrel of this panel contains a representation of one of the seasons (7991). 3. The southern panel depicting the sanctuary implements (7846). All panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the center. The zodiac panel and the panel which consists of an inscription are framed together by a double parallel line. The sanctuary implements panel is framed by a separate double parallel line. The nave and the eastern intercolumnar panels are surrounded by a white background, adorned with flowers and rhombus designs. Two of these geometric panels include inscriptions in Greek and Aramaic.
 
21 Ornamentation
fghr
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mosaic
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030037
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008611
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.200.1
MED : Mosaic
MAT : The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
RG : D.D. & T.N. 12.1994
BIB : Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a