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(VII) Img. ID: 23125 Great Synagogue in Bârlad – Main prayer hall – Holy places, Lattice and panels – South facet, Bârlad (Berlad), 1920-1930 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Bârlad – Main prayer hall – Holy places | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Lattice and panels – South facet
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1920-1930
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bârlad (Berlad)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bârlad (Berlad)
| 5 Sfântul Iilie St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rachel's Tomb
Zion, Fortress of מגדל/מצודת ציון
By the Rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, we wept ... We hanged our harps upon the willows ... (Ps. 137: 1-2)
Dead Sea |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346391
20 Description

The south facet of the lattice structure at the west end of the main prayer hall holds four panels depicting scenes in the Land of Israel. These four panels depict (from right to left):

 

1. The scene described in Psalm 137, with musical instruments (violin, horn, and drum) hanging from trees that stand alongside a river bank. Sailboats float in the river in the background. The inscription extends the sense of this reference to Psalm 137 by referring directly to the memory of the destroyed Temple in Jerusalem.

Inscription:

זכר לחורבן

Translation:

In memory of the Destruction [of the Temple]

 

2. Rachel's Tomb in the shape of a cubic structure topped by a red dome. The image includes roads leading to the monument from all sides.

Inscription:

רחל מבכה על בניה

Translation:

Rachel is weeping over her children (Jeremiah 31:14/15)

 

3. The Dead Sea with white waves, a desert clay beach, and seagulls.

Inscription:

ים המלח

Translation:

The Salt Sea [i.e., the Dead Sea]

 

4. The City of Zion (Jerusalem) as a castle with fortifications.

Inscription:

ציון במר תבכה

Translation:

Zion weeps bitterly

[This is an excerpt from the Nachem prayer that is recited during the Mincha service on Tisha b'Av. The prayer requests consolation for the mourners of Zion and regarding the destruction of Jerusalem]

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23125
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a