Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 225261 The Klausen Book of Psalms, Fol. 1, Prague, 1706 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Klausen Book of Psalms | Unknown
3a Object Psalms
3b Object Detail Fol. 1
4a Artist/ Maker Shabetai Scheftel ben Zalman Auerbach (Scribe and artist)
5 Date 1706
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia | Prague
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Klausen Synagogue
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 473 (Róth 1974-1975)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style 18th century Jewish Bohemian-Moravian school of book illumination|
13 Iconographical Subject Prayer, in synagogue
Moses and Aaron
Architectonic motif
Opening page, decorated
Synagogue |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M000857
20 Description

Fol. 1: A full-page frontispiece of an arch supported by two vertical panels resting on a horizontal one. They enclose Moses on the right and Aaron on the left who frame the title: Book of Psalms ((ספר תהלים written in black display script, with the rhymed colophon of the scribe in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script (seeColophon).

Moses, on the right, bearded and wearing a long white tunic with a pink cape, a red and orange drape and a red and white turban, is holding two round-topped Tablets of the Law inscribed with the opening words of the Decalogue, written horizontally. Aaron, on the left, is bearded and wears the High Priest's vestments: a long white tunic with a fringed hem, and an embroidered pink robe over it, the hem fringed with alternating golden bells and pomegranates (Ex. 28:33-34). His turban is adorned with a gold plate above his forehead (Ex. 28:36-38; 39:30-31; the artist used a mitre on his other title page (fig. 1)). The apron and the breastplate with the twelve tribal stones hang on his chest, and he holds the censer in his left hand. His right hand is raised as if to hold the chain of the censer or his flowering staff, as is depicted on other title pages (figs. 1 and 2).



Fig. 1: Title page

Yozrot for the whole year

Prague, 1719

Prague, Jewish Museum MS 242 (INV 170-564)

(Courtesy ofPragueJewish Museum)

Fig. 2: Title page

Sefer Ma'avar Yabbok

Prague (?), 1752

Prague, Jewish Museum MS 241 (INV 3176)

(Courtesy ofPragueJewish Museum)


The bottom panel of our title page is illustrated with six Jews shown from the back or in profile, dressed similarly in black cloaks and large round hats; four are bearded and wear prayer shawls and three are holding books. They are walking towards a single-storey building with a red gabled roof, a round window, and an arched portal. Inscribed above the arched entrance, in a later Ashkenazi semi-cursive script: This gate of the Lord, into which the righteous shall enter (זה השער לה' צדיקים יבואו, Ps. 118:20).


The arch is decorated with acanthus scrolls inhabited by a green parrot and a black crow. It is surmounted by a conch and flanked by two vases of flowers. A winged cherub's head is depicted on a green foliate ground in the lunette of the arch. The spandrels are filled with a foliate trefoil motif.

A later hand added the lower text in the Tablets of the Law, the names Moses and Aaron below the figures, and the inscription above the synagogue entrance, as well as the pince-nez of two of the men in the procession.


Below the panel is another later inscription in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script, almost illegible: …בשערך. The right eyes of both Moses and Aaron and of the cherub have been effaced. 

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a