Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 224999 Munich Meshal ha-Kadmoni, Fol. 17, Southern Germany
Regensburg, Before 1458 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title Munich Meshal ha-Kadmoni | Unknown
3a Object Meshal Ha-Kadmoni, Book of
3b Object Detail Fol. 17
4a Artist/ Maker Abraham,Yaakov (Scribe)
5 Date Before 1458
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Gothic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) | Regensburg
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 107 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 107)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fox beheaded by Bear |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000582.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 17: A fox is being attacked by a bear which grips its neck with its mouth and forelegs. This scene does not follow the caption and text which describes the decapitation of the fox with a sword. The caption above reads: “Image of the bear beheading the fox ‘for its transgression’” (I Chr. 10:13 and Ezek. 18:24;

צורת הדוב כורת ראש השועל, במעלו אשר מעל; Loewe 2004, I:141).

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

For depictions of the same subject in the other 15th-century manuscripts of Meshal ha-Kadmoni see Appendix 1: line 17. Gronemann shows that in contrast to the text and other copies of Meshal ha-Kadmoni our artist has chosen to depict the fight between the bear and the fox as a natural combat between animals rather than the anthropomorphic act of decapitation suggested by the text (Gronemann 2006, I: 235-236).

For animals killing their prey by biting their neck see figs. 1-2:


Fig. 1: Model Book, Florence, c.1430, Paris, Louvre, Rothschild Coll. inv. 760 DR, fol. 7

                                                                                   (Gronemann 2006, II:fig. 224)  

Fig. 2: Kalila wa Dimna, Mamluk, 14th century, Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Arab. 3467, fol. 4

(Gronemann 2006, II:fig. 225)  


For the Rothschild Miscellany, see IJA 1982/1/105.


38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a