Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 21660 Torah finials with four animals, , Poland, 1883 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Torah finials with four animals | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Rimonim (Torah finials)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1883
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Lithuanian
9 Collection Lithuania | Vilnius | The Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum
| VZM 1009-1008 (CJA no.7)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot, 5:20)
Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kheifetz, Michael
18 Photograph Date 5.7.1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The tower like Torah finial consists of a shaft a body and an appex. The cilindrical tappering shaft is supported by a ring. Above the base appears a circumferly inscription in square filled letters which reads:## On the first shaft: ב ר' [רבי] שמואל יצחק בהגאון משה ואבו"ל ש' [שנת] תרמ"ג "The Rabbi Rabbi Samual Yitzhak, son of the Gaon Moses.... The year (5)643 (=1883)" On the second shaft: עשתה מחדש רעיתי לאה יעבץ בת ר' [רבי] יוסף ברוידא "Renewed (it) my wife Leah Yavetz the daughter of Rabbi Josef Broyda" The body is composed of two openworked compressed globes of diminishing size, each surmounted by a concave unit. The lower globe which is supported by a cupular base decorated with a vegetal motives, depicts the Four Animals (13451) surrounded by an alternate branches of vine with grapes. The upper globe is decorated with alternate branches of vine with grapes. Small cast branches with leaves carrying bells are attached to the smooth connecting units. The upper one is surmounted by a band decorated with alternate motive.... The apex is composed of a six armed crown inlaid with colored stones. A main bell surrounded with six bells is placed inside it. A spread wings eagle is set on a globular shape which on its top and bottom are floral discs.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
0155 | 074
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8641
:MED : Metal
:HS : Two hallmarks near the base of the shaft.
:NNO : 3w - (1,2,5,7,8,9), 4n-7k 4-(9-12)
:MH : 425mm (overall), 100mm (shaft)
:MD : 100mm (body), 34mm (shaft)
:MAT : Silver, brass##Structur: raised, spun##Decoration: pierced, repousse, punched, cast, filigree##Bonding: soldered, screwed##Inscription: engraved
:RG : M.T. 7.1993 (T.Z.)
:CO : The bells on the body of both ojects are missing.
:REM : For a similiar example of a Torah finial see IJA no.8639.

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a