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(VII) Img. ID: 20445 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 184v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 184v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 184v: At the end of the Book of Judges is a small diagram which maps the position of the town of Shiloh in relation to Bethel, Lebonah and Shechem (Judg. 21:19-22).

The biblical text and Rashi's commentary (I:184v) indicate that Shiloh is placed to the north of Betheland south of Lebonah and east of the road fromBethelto Shechem.

The map includes four small rectangles set in a row, the middle two slightly higher. The rectangles are framed in red and inscribed with the names of the cities (from right to left): Bethel (בית אל), Shiloh (שילה), Lebonah (לבונה) and Shechem (שכם), written in display script in brown ink; the floral ascender of the lamed (ל) interrupts the upper borders. 

Above are two cardinal points: "East" is placed to the left of Betheland "North" to the left of Lebonah. 

The text column in the upper part of the page is written by scribe A shaped by a blank V holding a blank circle. At the bottom a rhymed end-of-book reads: Judges completed / Glory to the Lord (ספר שפטים נשלם/ תהלה למלך נעלם) written in the same display script as the names of the cities, each word outlined in wriggle work.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Not all copies of Rashi's commentary have the maps of Canaan, but when they are present the map of Shiloh usually also appears (see BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:139v-140). One example from the end of the 13th or beginning of the 14th century is at the end of Judges in a manuscript in Vienna (fig. 3).

A marked difference from our manuscript (fig. 4) is the connecting highway at the bottom, "leading up [from Bethel] to Shechem" (cf. Rashi on TB Gittin 7b with diagram).

 

Fig. 3: Map of Shiloh   

Vienna Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

South Germany, 13th-14th century

Vienna, ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 12b (olim 220, Schwartz 23), fol. 103 (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)  

Fig. 4: Map of Shiloh

Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible 

(Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:184v)

                                                   

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
20445
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a