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(VII) Img. ID: 20442 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fols. 168v, 169v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fols. 168v, 169v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text
Naked figure
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fols. 168v-169v: The last three pages at the end of the Pentateuch, written by Scribe A in triangular and conical forms, are accentuated by bands coloured and decorated by the artist with various running geometrical and foliate motifs (figs. 1, 2, 3; cf. I:43v-44, end of Genesis and II:207v-208v, end of Job). The bases of the bands include two grey prostrate giants holding gold masts (fig. 1), two grey lion masks (fig. 2), and four small gold panels enclosing at the bottom two lions dormant and at the top two lions passant guardant (fig. 3).

The diagonal bands (fig. 3) are decorated with the so-called pseudo-Kufic script in gold on a blue and green ground (Nachama and Sievernich 1991, No. 6/44).

 

Figs. 1, 2, 3: Decorative diagonal bands, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:168v,169, 169v

   
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and powder, yellow ochre, red, magenta, blue and green.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The supporting giant figures and the dormant lions (figs. 4, 6) are similar to the figures supporting the letters P in the Würzburg Evangelistary of c.1250 (figs. 5, 7; Klemm 1998, Cat. 196).A comparable example to our lions passant guardant (fig. 8) is found in the later Würzburg Psalter (fig. 9; Klemm 1998, Cat. 197).

 

Fig. 4: Supporting giantsת Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible,

 Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:168v

Fig. 5: Supporting giant,

Evangelistary, Würzburg, c.1250                                                         Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 3v

(H. Swarzenski 1936, pl. 180, fig. 988)

 
Fig. 6: Lions dormant, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Fig. 7: Lion couchant, 

Evangelistary, 

Würzburg, c.1250

Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 7

(H. Swarzenski 1936, pl. 180, fig. 987)

Fig. 8: Lions passant guardant , Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, 

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:169v

Fig. 9: Lions passant guardant , 

Psalter, Würzburg, 1260-65

 BSB clm 3900, fol. 4v

 (Engelhart 1987, fig. 95)

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The blue and magenta are mostly faded.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
20442
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a