Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 200002 The Tegernsee Haggadah, Fol. 24v, Germany
Austria, Before 1489 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 24v
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph son of R. Ephraim (Scribe)
5 Date Before 1489
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Danube region of south Germany and Austria|
13 Iconographical Subject Messiah, Coming of
Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative)
Acanthus scroll |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000444.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 24v: The page is decorated with two panels. The upper panel frames the initial word "Pour out Thy wrath" (שפוך) within the text column. The word is written in large gold letters on a green ground decorated with feathery scrolls in green ink. From the right of the magenta double frame two acanthus scrolls extend along the outer margin to the bottom of the page.

The panel in the lower margin depicts Elijah blowing a horn to announce the entry of the Messiah intoJerusalem. Behind him the Messiah is riding a white horse; both are approaching the open gate ofJerusalemand pointing towards it. Elijah, shown as a youth wearing a yellow ochre tunic and red shoes, is blowing a gold horn. The Messiah has a long brown beard and hair, and wears a yellow ochre pointed Jewish hat and a magenta robe. His horse has a gold bridle.Jerusalemis symbolised as an open gate with gold hinges in the lower part of a magenta tower.

A Latin annotation by Erhard is written in red cursive script:

Next to: שפוך חמתך אל הגויים אשר לא ידעוך ועל הממלכות אשר בשמך לא קראו (תהלים, עט ו)

Effunde iram tuam in gentes quae te non noverunt et in regna quae nomen non invocaverunt (Ps. 78:6)

Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon (thy) name (Ps. 79:6).

See: General Document for acanthus branches and Appendix.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold leaf and powder and different shades of blue, magenta, green, vermilion, red, brown and white.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements Upper panel: 63 x 124 mm.; 5 lines high Lower panel: 48 x 138 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks



Fig. 1: Messiah enteringJerusalem

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 24v

Fig. 2: Messiah enteringJerusalem

The FirstNew YorkHaggadah

Joel ben Simeon

Lower Rhine, c.1445

New York, JTS MS 4481, fol. 14v

(JTS and CJA Documentation)



Fig. 3: Messiah enteringJerusalem         


Middle Rhine, 1434                              

Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek                               

Cod. heb. 37, fol. 35v                           

(Gutmann 1979, pl. 30)

Fig. 4: Messiah enteringJerusalem


Joel ben Simeon (scribe and artist)

Germany, 1478

Washington, Library of Congress,

Hebraic Section, MS 1, fol. 19v

(Weinstein (ed.), facsimile 1991)

For a list of all haggadot which include this scene and of variations of its iconography, see Gutmann 1974, pp. 30-31 n. 3; Narkiss 1991, pp. 76-82.








The scene depicting the Messiah enteringJerusalemappears in several Ashkenazi and Italo-Ashkenazi haggadot from not earlier than 15th century. In the Tegernsee Haggadah Elijah, the harbinger of the Messiah, is blowing a horn (fig. 1; Gutmann 1967/68, p. 175), illustrating the event which follows the great wars of Gog and Magog at the end of time, when God will pour his wrath out upon the nations who do not know him, but will save Israel and re-establish the Temple (Narkiss 1991, p. 76; Sabar 1997/98, p. 298). The appearance of Elijah in this scene relates to the custom of opening the door to Elijah at the end of the Seder meal and offering him a special cup of wine (fig. 2) while holding the fourth cup of wine (Narkiss 1991, p. 77; Gutmann 1967/68, pp. 173-75; Gutmann 1974, pp. 29-38). In other haggadot the figure riding a horse or an ass sometimes conflates the attributes of the Messiah and of his harbinger by blowing the horn (figs. 2, 3), or being crowned and is accompanied by four figures, each with a banderole inscribed with a prophecy relating to the coming of the Messiah (fig. 3), while in the lower margin the dead rise from their tombs (Narkiss 1991, pp. 78-79 and n. 196). An outstanding illustration is in the Washington Haggadah (fig. 4) of 1478 fromGermany, where behind Elijah on the donkey sit the father and son, the mother and daughter, while the small figure of the servant hangs from the tail. 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a