Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 199992 The Tegernsee Haggadah, Fol. 17, Germany
Austria, Before 1489 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 17
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph son of R. Ephraim (Scribe)
5 Date Before 1489
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Danube region of south Germany and Austria|
13 Iconographical Subject `And a drawn sword in his hands outstretched over Jerusalem`
Acanthus scroll |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000434.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 17: In the upper outer margin, a green-framed panel depicts a bearded man brandishing a sword in his right hand above his head, illustrating the text next to it: "…having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem" (I Chron. 21:16). The bearded man, in a magenta tunic, is seated in a room, his left hand pointing with two fingers and thumb joined in the gesture of Christian blessing (Shalev-Eyni, forthcoming facsimile).

Two branches of fleshy magenta, green and blue acanthus leaves extend from the corners of the panel.

See: General Document for acanthus branches.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold and silver leaf and different shades of magenta, green, blue, yellow, white, grey and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 57 x 42 mm.; 5 lines high
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks




Fig. 1: Drawn Sword ... overJerusalem

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 17

Fig. 2: Drawn Sword ... overJerusalem

The SecondDarmstadtHaggadah

North Italy, late 15th century

Darmstadt, HLHB Cod. or. 28, fol. 7v

(Steimann 2007, pl. XCIV:1)


Fig. 3: Drawn Sword ... overJerusalem

Murphy Haggadah, attributed to Joel ben Simeon

North Italy, c.1455

Jerusalem, NLI 406130, fol. 13v

(Murphy Haggadah, facsimile n.d.)         


Fig. 4: Drawn Sword ... overJerusalem

Siddur of the Rabbi of Ruzhin

South-east Germany, c.1460

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/53, fol. 165v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)


Fig. 5: This is the mighty hand

(R. Yosei)                                                                          upon the Egyptians (R. Eliezer)           

Yahudah Haggadah

Joel ben Simeon                             

Franconia, 1465-1470

Jerusalem, IM MS180/50, fol. 16

(Narkiss and Sed-Rajna, IJA 1978/3)

The illustration of the sword stretched out overJerusalemalludes to the mighty hand of the Lord and appears in haggadot of the 15thcentury. In the Second Darmstadt Haggadah, for example, it shows an arm and hand holding a sword appearing from the sky, identified by an inscription as "his outstretched sword" (fig. 2). The sword is stretched out over a walled city representingJerusalem. A similar depiction is in the Murphy Haggadah attributed to the scribe and artist Joel ben Simeon (fig. 3). In our manuscript it is a man seated on a bench who holds the sword, whereas in the Ruzhin manuscript of c.1460, an armoured man is drawing it, both illustrating the same text and expressing a similar interpretation of the "hand of the Lord".

On the other hand, interpretations of the mighty hand of the Lord cited by R. Yosei in the Yahudah Haggadah and R. Eliezer in the Second Nuremberg Haggadah, both from south Germany (figs. 5, 6), are each illustrated by a winged angel.

The iconography of the human figure alluding to the mighty hand of God in our haggadah and the Ruzhin Siddur is exceptional. It could be argued that the figure is a Christian representation of God. However, since it has no halo and is not emerging from the sky, it seems that the artists or patrons wanted to tone down any Christian connotation. Instead, the figure of a man drawing a sword could allude to the biblical text (I Chronicles 21:16) partly quoted in the haggadah: "the angel of the Lord stands between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out overJerusalem" and sent by the Lord to destroy the city. The gesture of blessing probably suggests that the Lord is reversing his order for destruction, and the figure of the man could represent a wingless angel or be just a literal illustration of a "drawn sword".

A parallel example of a figure of a man replacing the representation of God is found in the 14th-century Sarajevo Haggadah from Barcelona (?). There, the seventh day of creation, which in Latin Bibles is commonly illustrated by a seated, nimbed God, has a seated Jew resting on the Sabbath (Narkiss 1969, p. 60; Saltman 1981, pp. 42-53).


Fig. 4: Seventh Day of Creation


Barcelona (?), 14th century

Sarajevo, Zemaljski Muzej Bosne i Hercegovine

(Roth, facsimile 1963)

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a