Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 199987 The Tegernsee Haggadah, Fol. 12v, Germany
Austria, Before 1489 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 12v
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph son of R. Ephraim (Scribe)
5 Date Before 1489
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Danube region of south Germany and Austria|
13 Iconographical Subject Sons, the Four, the wicked son
Sons, the Four, the simple son
Acanthus scroll |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000429.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 12v: Two panels, illustrating the Wicked Son and the Simple Son, are set within the text space to the left of the text they illustrate.

In the upper panel, framed in magenta, the Wicked Son is depicted as a soldier about to decapitate a young man lying on the ground. The soldier wears a silver helm, half-armour and knee-cops, a dagger and a sword hanging from his waist. His right foot is placed on the prostrate man, and his left hand is pulling back his head, preparatory to decapitating him with a halberd held in his right hand. The scene is set in a green flowery meadow under a dark blue sky.

In the lower panel, the Simple Son is depicted as a bearded man seated within a vaulted room, his elbows on his knees, his head in his hands, looking askance. He wears a green robe and a blue hat. The magenta background of the room is decorated with white feathery scrolls; the floor is of red tiles and the ceiling of yellow and brown boards.

Fleshy magenta and green acanthus stems decorated with gold buds extend from the left of both panels along the inner and lower margins. 

Latin annotations by Erhard are written in red cursive script:

1. Next to: רשע מה הוא אומר מה העבודה הזאת לכם ולא לו

    Quid impio parvipendenti

    What to answer an impious man who deprecates

2. Next to: תם מה הוא אומר מה זאת ואמרת אליו

                Quomodo simplici sciscitanti

    How to answer a simpleton who always inquires.

See: General Document for acanthus branches and Appendix.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold and silver leaf and powder, different shades of blue, magenta, green, vermilion, red, yellow and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 58 x (42-45) mm.; 5 lines high
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks





Fig. 1: The Wicked Son

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 12v

Fig. 2: The Wicked Son

Floersheim Haggadah

North Italy, 1502

Zurich, Floersheim Coll. no sign., p. 7

(The Floersheim Haggadah, facsimile 1985)


Fig. 3: The Wicked Son


Barcelona, mid-14th century

London, BL Add. 14761, fol. 34v

(Schonfield, facsimile 1992)

Fig. 4: The Wicked Son

LondonAshkenazi Haggadah

Meir Jaffe (scribe)

Bämler of Augsburg and Joel ben Simeon (artists)

Augsburg(?), c.1460

London, BL Add. 14762,

fol. 9

(Goldstein, facsimile 1985)

In Ashkenazi and Italo-Ashkenazi haggadot of the 15th century, the Wicked Son who asks "What does this ritual mean to you?" (Ex. 12:26) is usually depicted as either an armed soldier or a fashionably dressed figure (fig. 2; Kogman-Appel 1993, p. 162). In our haggadah the Wicked Son "excludes himself from his people" (הוציא את עצמו מן הכלל) by demonstrating his wickedness to his victim. Such a scene is found in the Barcelona Haggadah (fig. 3), and in haggadot associated with Joel ben Simon such as the London Ashkenazi Haggadah of c.1460 (fig. 4) from Augsburg (?) or the Murphy Haggadah of about 1455 fromNorth Italy(Gutmann 1970, pp.76-95). In all these cases, as in the Tegernsee Haggadah, the Wicked Son is ready to kill his victim with a halberd, spear or sword.

The illustration in the lower panel of the Simple Son who asks "What is all this?" in different Ashkenazi haggadot from the 15th century depicts a young man sitting or standing. He supports his face with one or both hands (figs. 5, 6, 7) or points to the text (fig. 8).



Fig. 5: The Simple Son

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200,

fol. 12v

Fig. 6: The Simple Son


Meir Jaffe (scribe)

Ulm, 1480s

Cincinnati, HUC MS 444, p. 11

(Optical disc: col. facsims.)

Fig. 7: The Simple Son

Siddur of the Rabbi of Ruzhin

South-east Germany, c.1460

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/53,

fol. 159v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

Fig. 8: The Simple Son Yahuda Haggadah

Franconia, 1465-1470

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/50,

fol. 9v

(Narkiss and Sed-Rajna, IJA 1978/3)

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a