Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 199982 The Tegernsee Haggadah, Fol. 8v, Germany
Austria, Before 1489 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 8v
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph son of R. Ephraim (Scribe)
5 Date Before 1489
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Danube region of south Germany and Austria|
13 Iconographical Subject Havdalah in the seder eve
Acanthus scroll |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000424.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 8v: In the lower outer margin of the page, a rectangular magenta frame encloses a bearded man standing outdoors. He is raising hands with curled fingers illustrating the benediction of the separation between the sacred (Saturday) and profane (weekdays) recited during the ceremony of the Havdalah when the seder falls on a Saturday night. His curled fingers illustrate the custom of looking at the reflection of light on the fingernails while reciting "blessed … who creates the light of fire" (ברוך... בורא מאורי האש).  

The man has a tall green cap and wears a red robe with yellow seams and a gold belt. Acanthus branches issue from the upper and lower borders of the panel.

See: General Document for acanthus branches and Appendix

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold leaf and different shades of green, blue, magenta, red, vermilion, yellow and
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 68 x 41 mm.; 5 lines high
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks




Fig. 1: Havdalah

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr.  200, fol. 8v

Fig. 2: Havdalah

Yahuda Haggadah

Franconia, 1465-1470

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/50, fol. 5

(Narkiss and Sed-Rajna  IJA 1978/3(

Fig. 3: Havdalah

Siddur of the Rabbi of Ruzhin

Southeast Germany, c.1460

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/53, fol. 154v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

Fig. 4: Havdalah


Barcelona, mid-14th century

London, BL Add. 14761, fol. 26

(Schonfield, facsimile 1992)



The custom looking at the reflection of the firelight on the finger nails (fig. 1) is mentioned in many Ashkenazi halakhic sources (Finesinger 1937/38, pp. 347-365). The depiction of this custom in Ashkenazi haggadot follows a common iconography, emphasising the gaze at the finger nails (figs. 2, 3). In Sephardi haggadot, such as the Barcelona Haggadah, the havdalah is illustrated by a man stretching his right hand out towards a candle held by a child (fig. 4).

However, unlike the Yahudah andBarcelonahagaddot, which display other iconographical elements of the ritual: the cup of wine and the source of light over which the blessing is made, either a lighted candelabrum (fig. 2) or a havdalah candle (fig. 4) our haggadah as well as the Ruzhin Siddur (figs. 1, 3) exclude the source of light altogether. Furthermore, the man in our haggadah is gazing probably at the unseen moon rather than at his fingers.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a