Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 19583 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 39
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph's brethren, entreating (Gen. 44:18-34)
Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 39: The initial word Vayiggash (ויגש, Then Judah came near) of the parashah (Gen. 44:18-47:27) is written above the illustration in gold leaf on a blue ground, set below the explicit of Mikkez (חסלת ויהי מקץ) and its haftarah (ומפטירין במלכים ויקץ שלמה והנה וג' ואם יש שבת של חנוכה מפטירין בתרי עשר רני ושמחי בת ציון וג').

The panel depicts the second meeting inEgyptbetween Joseph and his brothers, including Benjamin (Gen. 44:18), on a green ground, illustrating the biblical text and the following commentary.

Joseph, on the right is seated cross-legged on a high magenta chair with a foot-stool. His left hand is pointing authoritatively and his right, holding a blank scroll, rests on his thigh. Seven brothers are standing before him, the first, fourth, and last holding scrolls. Joseph is wearing a blue garment with gold cuffs and fringe, a red chlamys and a red cap. The brothers all wear Jewish hats, alternately white and gold. The first and fourth brothers are wearing red and blue chlaymides over blue and magenta tunics respectively. Two others have red and blue short tunics. Three have gold cuffs, the farthest left also with a gold collar. Benjamin is standing at the end of the group on the left wearing a short tunic, as the youngest.

A barely visible plummet inscription by the later hand in Hebrew display script in the upper margin, above the panel: ויגש (Vayiggash).


21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, magenta, blue and red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 40 x 49 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The brother standing at the head of the group and talking to Joseph is undoubtedly Judah, who refused to surrender Benjamin to him (Then Judah came near to him, Gen. 44:18-34). The composition is similar to that of the Israelites before Moses (fig. 2).

Fig. 1: The second meeting of Joseph and his brothers in Egypt, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:39


Fig. 2: The Israelites' donation to the Tabernacle, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:63a  




In both scenes, a group of people with pointed Jewish hats face a dominant figure – Joseph or Moses - seated cross-legged on the right in three-quarter profile, one hand extended and the other resting on the thigh (see also I:44v).

Fig. 3: Augustus giving orders, Evangelistary, Würzburg,, c.1250, Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 2 (Munich, BSB)


Fig. 4: Cathrine disputes with Philosophers and the Emperor,  Psalter, Würzburg, 1260-65, Munich, BSB clm 3900, fol. 3, upper panel  (Klemm 1998, Cat. 197, colour pl. XV)


The authoritative posture of a ruler appears for example in two other manuscripts executed in Würzburg: in the Evangelistary, written after 1250 (fig. 3), Augustus, one hand outstretched, is giving orders for the census; the other is the Psalter of 1260-65 (fig. 4), where in the upper panel of April in the calendar, the emperor is seated cross-legged with his right hand is in a gesture of speech.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The gold leaf of the letters, cuffs, collar and hats has flaked off. The faces are scratched out; the necks, scrolls and parts of the high chair have turned grey.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a