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(VII) Img. ID: 19481 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 21v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 21v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Esau coming back from hunt
Jacob leaving to Padan-aram (Gen. 28:7)
Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 21v: The initial word Veelle (ואלה, And these are) of Parashat Toldot (Gen. 25:19 - 28:10) is written at the top of the illustrated panel in gold leaf letters on a magenta ground, set below the explicit of Vayihiyu (חסלת ויהיו חיי שרה) and its haftarah (ומפטירין בריש ספר מלכים והמלך דוד זקן בא בימים).

The green background panel depicts Esau asking for Isaac's blessing while Jacob is fleeing on the right, illustrating the commentary text (I:24v; Gen. 27:30-41). The old bearded Isaac, with light blue hair, is reclining in bed on a cushion, holding a scroll in his right hand. He wears a magenta garment with a yellow (once golden) collar, and rests under a blue coverlet. On the right stands Esau with a bow dangling over his arm, presening a hare to his father. He wears a red tunic and an originally white hat. Jacob, portrayed as a blond youth wearing a short magenta tunic and green chlamys, is escaping through a yellow ochre tower gate with a blue conical roof. He looks back while leaving, and holds a walking stick in his right hand.

Effaced inscriptions in plummet in Latin by a 13th-century hand, and in Hebrew display script by a later hand:

  • On the right, next to the panel: ואלה (Veelle).
  • Below it: ysac [e]s[au](?) (Gen. 27:32).

 

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, blue, yellow-ochre, red and magentar.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 40 x 53 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The illustration (fig. 1) refers to the biblical text (Gen. 27:30) in which the return of Esau from hunting was immediately followed by Jacob's departure from his father. The connection between the two acts יָצֹא יָצָא)) gave rise to Rashi's commentary (זה יוצא וזה בא, this one was leaving and that one was coming in) which follows Genesis Rabbah (66:5).

Fig. 1: Esau asking for a blessing; Jacob leaving, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:21v 

 

Fig. 2: Above: Isaac blessing Jacob; Below: Esau asking his father Isaac for a blessing, Mosan Miniature Cycle, Liège or Stavelot, c.1150, Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett inv. no. 78 A 6, fol. 4 (Nordenfalk 1973, fig. 10)

A close parallel to our illustration is found in the 12th-century Mosan Miniature Cycle from Liège or Stavelot of c.1150 (fig. 2; Klemm 1973; Scheller 1995, pp. 123-131). In the upper register Isaac is blessing Jacob and in the lower one Esau is asking for Isaac's blessing while Jacob is fleeing, similar to our illustration.

Fig. 3: Esau returns from hunting; Isaac blessing Jacob (left), Jacob leaving (right) Monreale Cathedral, c.1186 on (Kitzinger 1960, pls. 43-45)  

In the mosaic of Monreale of c.1186 (fig. 3), the story is likewise depicted in two separate scenes though slightly diffrently: on the left Isaac is blessing Jacob while Esau is hurrying home, followed on the right by Jacob fleeing while Rebecca stands at the city gate. Apparently our artist chose the last scene from a larger story cycle with an emphasis on Jacob's flight which is followed by his dream at Bethel, as it appears in Monreale and in our Rashi commentary (fol. I:25v).

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The faces and hands of Esau and Jacob as well as Jacob's stick and Isaac's scroll have turned grey. The eyes are scratched out. The gold leaf of the letters and Isaac's collar have flaked off.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19481
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a