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© Bayerische Staatsbibliothek , Photographer: Unknown, 2008

Vol. I, fol. 21v: The initial word Veelle (ואלה, And these are) of Parashat Toldot (Gen. 25:19 - 28:10) is written at the top of the illustrated panel in gold leaf letters on a magenta ground, set below the explicit of Vayihiyu (חסלת ויהיו חיי שרה) and its haftarah (ומפטירין בריש ספר מלכים והמלך דוד זקן בא בימים).

The green background panel depicts Esau asking for Isaac's blessing while Jacob is fleeing on the right, illustrating the commentary text (I:24v; Gen. 27:30-41). The old bearded Isaac, with light blue hair, is reclining in bed on a cushion, holding a scroll in his right hand. He wears a magenta garment with a yellow (once golden) collar, and rests under a blue coverlet. On the right stands Esau with a bow dangling over his arm, presening a hare to his father. He wears a red tunic and an originally white hat. Jacob, portrayed as a blond youth wearing a short magenta tunic and green chlamys, is escaping through a yellow ochre tower gate with a blue conical roof. He looks back while leaving, and holds a walking stick in his right hand.

Effaced inscriptions in plummet in Latin by a 13th-century hand, and in Hebrew display script by a later hand:

  • On the right, next to the panel: ואלה (Veelle).
  • Below it: ysac [e]s[au](?) (Gen. 27:32).

 

Name/Title
Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
Object Detail
Vol. I, fol. 21v
Settings
Unknown
Date
1232/33
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, blue, yellow-ochre, red and magentar.
Material Stucture
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Panel Measurements
40 x 53 mm.
Condition
The faces and hands of Esau and Jacob as well as Jacob's stick and Isaac's scroll have turned grey. The eyes are scratched out. The gold leaf of the letters and Isaac's collar have flaked off.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
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Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Summary and Remarks

The illustration (fig. 1) refers to the biblical text (Gen. 27:30) in which the return of Esau from hunting was immediately followed by Jacob's departure from his father. The connection between the two acts יָצֹא יָצָא)) gave rise to Rashi's commentary (זה יוצא וזה בא, this one was leaving and that one was coming in) which follows Genesis Rabbah (66:5).

Fig. 1: Esau asking for a blessing; Jacob leaving, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:21v 

 

Fig. 2: Above: Isaac blessing Jacob; Below: Esau asking his father Isaac for a blessing, Mosan Miniature Cycle, Liège or Stavelot, c.1150, Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett inv. no. 78 A 6, fol. 4 (Nordenfalk 1973, fig. 10)

A close parallel to our illustration is found in the 12th-century Mosan Miniature Cycle from Liège or Stavelot of c.1150 (fig. 2; Klemm 1973; Scheller 1995, pp. 123-131). In the upper register Isaac is blessing Jacob and in the lower one Esau is asking for Isaac's blessing while Jacob is fleeing, similar to our illustration.

Fig. 3: Esau returns from hunting; Isaac blessing Jacob (left), Jacob leaving (right) Monreale Cathedral, c.1186 on (Kitzinger 1960, pls. 43-45)  

In the mosaic of Monreale of c.1186 (fig. 3), the story is likewise depicted in two separate scenes though slightly diffrently: on the left Isaac is blessing Jacob while Esau is hurrying home, followed on the right by Jacob fleeing while Rebecca stands at the city gate. Apparently our artist chose the last scene from a larger story cycle with an emphasis on Jacob's flight which is followed by his dream at Bethel, as it appears in Monreale and in our Rashi commentary (fol. I:25v).

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