Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 179 Beth Alpha Synagogue, , Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Sanctuary Implements
Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 063119
20 Description The synagogue floor, from the north-west entrance to the south-east apse, is entirely decorated with mosaic pavements in the nave, the west aisle and the intercolumnar spaces. Some mosaic fragments also survive in the east aisle and in the narthex. The nave mosaic is divided into three panels, from the entrance to the apse: 1. The Sacrifice of Isaac (8023) preceded by a dedicatory inscription (5340) 2. A zodiac panel in the centre (5190), 3. Sanctuary Implements (5245). The depictions in all panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance, except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the centre. All the panels are surrounded by a decorative border framed by parallel lines and are divided by similar lines. The eastern border consists of inhabited scrolls whereas the southern and western borders include rhomboids enclosing birds, floral and geometric motifs. The northern border, which includes two Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, is flanked by a reversed bull and lion. All the depictions in these framing bands, including the lion and the bull, are designed to be viewed from the centre of the nave, except for the inscriptions which face the entrance of the synagogue in the north. The intercolumnar spaces between the nave and the west aisle are filled by four geometric mosaic panels of different sizes. The whole western aisle is covered by four continous panels of different geometric patterns.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 119
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in straight parallel lines. Curved lines of tesserae lines follow round outlines. The average density of tesserae ranges between (9x9)-(10x10) 10cm2. A higher number is noticeable in the heads and faces of the figures (11X11)-(12X14), while the geometric panels are characterized by a lower density (7x8)-(8x8).##The outlines are composed of 1-2 lines of black tesserae which, in most cases, are followed by 1-3 lines of background tesserae. However, coloured outlines can also be seen. The colours of the tesserae, besides white and black, are one or two shades of gray, wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, sun-yellow and emerald green.

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a