Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 14843 Jews Praying on the Day of Atonement, , Drohobych (Drohobycz)
Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Modern Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Jews Praying on the Day of Atonement | Unknown
3a Object Painting
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Gottlieb, Maurycy (1856-1879) (Painter)
5 Date 1878
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | L'vivs'ka obl. | Drohobych (Drohobycz)
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Tel Aviv Museum of Art
| 1481
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Atonement, Day of (Yom Kippur)
Synagogue interior
Prayer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Tel Aviv Museum of Art
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Yom Kippur prayer in a synagogue. Gathered around a bimah, the men and boys are depicted in the foreground of the picture. The women are seen behind them in the low, open gallery of the ezrat nashim (women’s gallery)..   The men are bearded, wearing talitot, and depicted in various ages, poses and expressions of prayer and contemplation. The grey-bearded man sitting in front of the carpet-covered bimah--wearing a shtreimel and holding a torah in his lap—is a portrait of the artist’s father. The torah-mantle is adorned with an embroidered star of David and an inscription in block Hebrew letters over a grayish background reads: Donated in memory of our teacher the late Moshe Gottlieb the righteous in the year 5638 (  כ"ת/נדבה/לזכרון נשמת/המנוח כמהר"ר משה/גאטליעב זצ"ל/תרל"ח/לפ"ק). A torah pointer is hanging from one of its azai hayim.   The artist depicted himself in the painting three times: First, he is pictured as a young man standing to the right of the bimah while leaning on it with his elbow in a melancholic pose.  His head rests on his right hand; his left hand holds a closed book in which his finger is tucked as a marker. His facial features bear a likeness to the artist at the time of the painting. He is wearing a small fur-trimmed hat and a long white coat with colored stripes over his talit katan. A broad sash is wrapped around his waist. A medallion with a star of David around the Hebrew word 'king' is hanging from his neck. The artist is depicted twice more--these times as a child--on the front left and on the front right of the picture. On the left--is a boy wearing a silver kippah decorated with blue and red stones, a golden floral brocade coat with a silver collar and tucks, a matching shirt below, and black pants. A similar medallion with a star of David is hanging around his neck, this time it is inscribed with the Hebrew letters M.G.--the artist's initials. The boy's right hand is resting on an open book where the word מלך (King) is visible, next to a shofar and a red siddur bag, all lying on a low curved? bench that stands at the foot of the bimah. The same facial portrait of the artist as a boy is seen on the left. This time he is sitting next to a brown-bearded man --probably a young version of his father--.dressed with a dark kippah and coat. The boy is leaning against his father who reads from a big book that stands on a table covered with a red cloth in front of both of them. . A Hebrew inscription on the wall behind them reads: “ Rise up,Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered/ Blessed be God who…" (קומה ה' ויפוצו אובךspellingוינוסו/ברוך ה' אשר…). The first line quotes Num. 10:35 The source of the second line is vague.   Three men are depicted behind the bimah: at the center, next to the central pillar, stands a grey-haired man wearing a prayer shawl over his head and a silverish/gold-coloured embroidered skullcap under it. Next to him on the left a dark-bearded man is reading from a book, leaning closely over it. On the far left an old, white-haired man is raising his right hand in a blessing gesture. A profile of a closed-eyed, dark-complexioned man is depicted behind them, just before the central pillar, holding an open book close to his lips.   The crowded women-section contains traditionally dressed (רובנס - תלבושות הנשים?) women in various ages and poses. All have head-coverings and several are wearing sterntichl and breastplates characteristic of German-Jewish women of the time. Some women are standing, some sitting. Some are looking into the men’s section or are reading from their mahzorim; others are conversing amongst themselves. The artist's fiancée, Lauran ?SHenschel, is depicted twice: Once, she is the young woman standing to the left of the column, holding a book close to her chest. She is also the young woman standing at the front-right section of the gallery who leans towards a seated older woman next to her on her right, probably her mother.     The ceiling above the women's section is vaulted, supported by round columns. A hanging curtain is in the rear of the gallery, partially blocking the two circular, colored-glass windows on the back wall. On the far left, large lit candles are perched on the wall separating the two sections. 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Oil on canvas
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 245 cm
26b Length
26c Width 192 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
Signature in LL. Maurycy Gottlieb 1878 in Latin cursive letters. Black brush.
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Ko(:)nigsberg, Zionist Organization. 1986 - TA, Heichal haAtzmaut
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
???? ??????? (?????), ???? ????: ??????? ??????, 1856-1879. ??????? ?? ???? ??????, 1991.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
0201 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dana Peleg 11.1999 49a
50 Researcher Dana Peleg 12,1999 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Haya Friedberg 2.2000 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 23.5.00 54a
55 Donor 55a