Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 134542 Wooden Synagogue in Smotrych, , Smotrych (Smotrycz, Smotrich), 1745 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document

2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Smotrych | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Aleksander Zeev ben Yitzhak Katz (painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1745
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Khmelnyts'ka obl. | Smotrych (Smotrycz, Smotrich)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine | Taranushchenko collection
| 788
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Building does not exist
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown (central element of heraldic composition)
Lion and unicorn
Species, the Four (Lulav, Hadas, Aravah, Ethrog; See also: Hoshanah Rabba)
Shofar (New Year); see also Shofar (in the Temple)
Leviathan biting his tail
Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel))
Lion statant
Tablets of the Law
Two bears carrying a cluster of grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Zholtovsky, Pavlo
18 Photograph Date 1928?
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A347992.JPG
20 Description

The bulk of the synagogue has a square plan. The construction of the vault consisted of the octagonal dome placing over a square room with pendentives and on a complicated vault construction.

The composition of the dome decoration consist of decorative floral rosette placed in the center of the dome and eight symbolic paintings, each of which is located on one of the eight segments of the octagon.

Griffins, deer and rabbits are placed among the winding vines on the carved doors of the Torah ark.

The description of the pictures are given in order of the clockwise direction from the picture situated above the Torah ark.

  1. The painting depicts a scene of the Giving of the Torah. Two hands holding the Tables of Covenant. The Torah crown, decorative curtains and baroque cartouche with a medallion adorn the scene.
  2. The Lion and the Unicorn are depict their backs to each other in a heraldic posture rampant. The animals walking between the trees. Four hands hold the ehtrog, lulav, shofar and trumpet above the animals.
  3. Two bears carry a bunch of grapes.
  4. The hand removes the snake from the tree. Two griffins with his tongue hanging in the form of arrows flanking the tree.
  5. A big fish (leviathan) lying on the waters and biting his tail encircled around the city (Jerusalem).
  6. A big bull lies between the trees.
  7. A peacock with an open tail is depicted in the center of the picture. Two lions sit on either side of a peacock.
  8. The Lion and the Unicorn are depict their backs to each other in a heraldic posture rampant. The animals walking between the trees. Four hands hold the ehtrog, lulav, shofar and trumpet above the animals. 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a