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(VII) Img. ID: 134527 Wooden Synagogue in Myn'kivtsi (Mińkowce, Minkovtsy), , Myn'kivtsi (Mińkowce, Minkovtsy), 1776 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Myn'kivtsi (Mińkowce, Minkovtsy) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1776
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Khmelnyts'ka obl. | Myn'kivtsi (Mińkowce, Minkovtsy)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine | Taranushchenko collection
| 602
10 Location Building does not exist
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion and unicorn
Elephant with a tower on his back
Basket with fruits
Bear climbs a tree
Shofar (New Year); see also Shofar (in the Temple)
Lulav
Ethrog
Wagon with horses
Three hares running in a circle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Zholtovsky, Pavlo
18 Photograph Date 1928?
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A347977.JPG
20 Description

aInterior.

The bulk of the synagogue has a square plan. The construction of the vault consisted of the octagonal dome placing over a square room with pendentives.  A complicated vault construction supported the dome. (The round wooden pillars, which supported the vault, were constructed obviously later).

The murals of the synagogue made in 1776/7 in accordance to the inscription.

The multi-tiered composition of the murals correlated with synagogue construction.

The composition of the dome decoration consisted of concentrically wide bands of painting (registers) filled by ornamental and symbolic motives.  A round medallion with image of three hares running in a circle was placed in the center of the dome. The wide band of vegetable plaiting with cups of flowers and small animals surrounds the central medallion. The third band of the painting in the octagonal dome included four compositions with symbolic animals, one on each side of the synagogue, separated by ornamental and Jewish symbolic motifs. The archival photos can show part of this composition: the lion and the unicorn (in a battle), an elephant with a turret (the house) on the back, the bear climbing on the tree, lulav and ethrog. 

The decoration on a square room with pendentives consisted on separated scenes, one on each side of the synagogue. On this side is depicted a cart, pulled by two horses, move in the gates of a garden. The driver on the cart was depicted as a silhouette.The pendentives were decorated by floral motives.

 The vault construction, which supported the dome, are decorated by symbolic and ornamental motives. The zodiacs signs are placed inside the lunettes.

 

 

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Piechotka, M., & K. Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóznice drewniane na ziemiach dzwnei Rzeczypospolitej, rev. ed., (Warszawa: Krupski i S-ka, 1996)
תמר שדמי, הכתובות שעל קירות בתי הכנסת במזרח אירופה – מקורותיהן, משמעות ותפקידן בעיצוב תפיסת החלל ועבודת הקודש, חיבור לשם קבלת תואר "דוקטור לפילוסופיה" (אוניברסיטת בר אילן, רמת גן, אייר תשעא [2011]) ע. 185-186
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
134527
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a