Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 11423 The Ulm Mahzor , Vol. I, fol. 48, Ulm
Augsburg, 1459 (vol. I); 1459/60 or 1461/62 (vol. II) edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title The Ulm Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 48
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1459 (vol. I); 1459/60 or 1461/62 (vol. II)
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Baden-Württemberg | Ulm
Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Augsburg
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 3/I- II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 3)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gates of Mercy
Torah Ark
Torah scroll
Human hybrid playing musical instruments
Architectonic motif
Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 48: An open Torah ark enclosed within an ogee arch flanked by two tiers of turrets alludes to the prayer הפותח לנו שערי רחמים(Who openest the Gates of Mercy to us). 

The ogee arch is decorated with crockets and surmounted by a finial flanked by two birds perched on the pinnacles of the turrets. The Torah ark has a pediment and two open wooden doors revealing three Torah scrolls, each standing upright on its two staves. They are wrapped in blue, magenta and green mantles decorated with a fine foliage pattern in darker hues of the corresponding colours.

The mantles are open at the bottom, showing part of the scroll with plummet lines simulating the script. Alternatively they could suggest the cloth of a wimple (Yaniv 2008, esp. p. 120). A red Torah Ark curtain (parokhet), which has been pulled aside in order to open the doors of the ark, is visible behind the left leaf. The open ark illustrates the custom of opening it while reciting this section in the prayer (Yaniv 1989, pp. 37-38).


The first two Hebrew letters of the initial word הפותח(Who openest) are written in display script by the scribe on either side of the open Torah ark. These letters are decorated with magenta acanthus leaves in light and dark tones with white highlights; the other three smaller green letters of the initial word are written below the ark.


In the lower margin two confronting hybrids are playing musical instruments: a mermaid on the left playing a tambourine, and a manticore with a feathery hat a pair of flower bells. Both have yellow hair and wind-blown drapery.





21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a