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(VII) Img. ID: 109037 First Nitra Esther scroll, prefatory panel, Nitra, 1834 edit  
Category: Jewish printed books

General Document


2 Name/Title First Nitra Esther scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail prefatory panel
4a Artist/ Maker Mordecai ben Josel (Jozl) Sofer of Nitra (Donath, Marcus) (Engraver)
5 Date 1834
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Slovakia | Nitra
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection (GFC)
| 081.011.002
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 081.011.002
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bigthan and Teresh hanged (Es. 2:23)
Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Haman's sons hanged (Es. 9:14)
Mordecai in mourning (Es. 4:1)
Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Seven maidens given to Esther (Es. 2:9)
Ahasuerus and Esther, enthroned
Esther, the queen
Lion rampant
Two birds
Angel's head
Acanthus Leaf
Seven princes of Persia and Media (Es. 1:14) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 302-25
19a Scan No. S131367
20 Description

This scroll opens with a panel containing several illustrations from the Esther story. The upper part is divided into three scenes. In the center King Ahasuerus and Queen Esther are depicted; they sit together on the throne and on its pedestal a Hebrew inscription כשבת המלך (“as the king was sitting”) is visible. The royal couple is accompanied by courtiers; on the left, there is a group of men who can be king's advisers or princes of Media and Persia, while on the right, there is a group of women who are the maidens of Esther. Below, in a rectangular panel, Queen Esther is shown seated on a throne surrounded by plant ornaments, lions, birds, heads of angels, and the Hebrew words ברכת מגילה birkat megillah (“blessings for the [reading of] Megillah”). The middle register consists of three rectangular frames: in the central frame are printed three initial benedictions, in the panel on the right are shown king’s chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, hanged on two gallows (Es. 2:23), and in the panel on the left is depicted Haman and his sons hanged on three gallows (Es. 7:10, Es. 9:14 or Es. 9:25). Below there are three other episodes from the Book of Esther (from right to left): Queen Esther and Mordecai write letters instructing the Jews to observe Purim (Es. 9:29), Haman leads Mordecai through the streets of Susa (Es. 6:11), and possibly Mordecai tearing his clothes as a sign of mourning (Es. 4:1).

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
book of Esther
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
109037
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a