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(VII) Img. ID: 10850 The Eagle sarcophagus from Beth She`arim , catacomb 20, sarcophagus no.56 , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Eagle sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail catacomb 20, sarcophagus no.56
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20, sarcophagus no.56
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The sarcophagus has a rectangular body with a high gabled lid with four acroteria on the corners. On each of the long sides is an identical relief of two heraldic lions facing each other, flanking a central bull's head (bucranea) between them. On the right side is an eagle above a garland and on the left side is a bull`s head above a garland. The lid is also decorated, with four eagles above garlands on the slops of the lid, and a bull`s head on each of the narrow sides. On bouth of the long sides - are two heraldic lions. They are half crouched and have three feet extending forward. Their heads are large and have uplifted tails. The gaping mouths reveale rows of sharp teeths and extending tongues. The lions manes are designed by crescent-shaped incisions. On the right narrow side - is an eagle above a garland. His head is turning to the right and his wings are slightly spread. The feathers are engraved with a wave pattern. On the left narrow side of the sarcophagus - is a garland enclosing a bull's head (bucarenium). On the front side of the lid - two garlands are depicted, seperated by a band. Above each garland is the same spreaded eagle, with his head turning to the right. On the back side of the lid - is a relief of two garlands, one beside the other,which are separated by a band. Each garland is enclosing a bull`s head (bucarenium). On both narrow sides of the lid another bull's head is carved.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0037040
45 Temp: Batch Number
0037 | 040
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006205
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
10850
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : An.
MED : Stone (Meleke)
NNO : IES. 6095,6093,6094,4488,5548
MH : 105 cm. (body) 50 cm. (lid)
ML : 260 cm. (body)
MWI : 88 cm. (body)
MAT : Meleke stone; carved in low relief, incised, fine-comb dressed.
DEC : Lion Bull`s head (bucranea) Garland Eagle
TYP : OR
SIT : Israel:Beth She`arim
RG : T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998
CO : Robbers hole on the upper-right part of the front side.
HIS : The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, room no.XI but removed to room no. X.
BIB : Avigad,N. Beth Shearim III, pp.141-2, Pl.XLI:1,2; Pl.XLII: 1,2
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a