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(VII) Img. ID: 10027 Torah finials, , Odessa, 1873 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker G. Ts. (silversmith, active 1863-1907) (Metalsmith)
5 Date 1873
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Russian Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 78 (DM 7301, 7302)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird
Noah's Ark
Eagle
Elephant
Lion
Swan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The undulating Torah finials consists of a shaft, body, head and a apex. The smooth, tapering, cylindrical shaft is encircled at the bottom by a ring. The undulating body comprises a bowl-shaped base decorated with leaves, radiating from the center. The base is surmounted by a compressed convex unit, bearing six medallions on each finial. The medallions feature depictions of Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, an eagle, an elephant, a duck, a lion and a swan. The animals on the first finial face right and the ones on the second finial face left so that when they are juxtaposed the animals on either finial face inwards. A concave unit which surmounts the bottom part of the body is composed of an openwork weave that creates cartouches decorated with flowers and leaves. A stepped dome which surmounts the body is encircled by strips and decorated with leaves at the top. Hooks for bells are attached to the dome and to thebottom of the concave unit. A crown shaped head which surmounts the body is composed of six arms in the shaped as acanthus leaves. A floral circlet bearing a bird shaped apex, surmounts the head.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Subject Noah's Ark==12345/I1b,5a/III2,6,7,8,13,14 LionDuckElephant
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
47001
45 Temp: Batch Number
47 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009201
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
10027
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : Sc.9201
MED : Metal
HS : Four hallmarks are stamped on each finial. 1. The hallmark consists of figures which are probably an anchor surmounted by a double headed eagle, within a frame in the shape of a double-shield. This was the city hallmark of Odessa during the years 1847-1848. Cf. Postnikova- Losseva, p.235, no.3140. 2. The hallmark consists of the Cyrillic initials "I.Z" surmounting the date 1873, inside a square frame. This was the hallmark of an unknown assay, active in Odessa during the years 1870-1880. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.235, no.3147. 3. The hallmark consists of the cypher 84 in a square frame. This was the Russian quality mark used duringthe 18th-19th centuries ## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no.12. 4. The hallmark consists of the Cyrillic initials "G.TS". This was the hallmark of an unknown artist, active in Odessa during the years 1863-1907. ## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p. 235, no.3155.
NNO : 596-32, (hallmark 596-5)
MH : 355mm (overall), 103mm (shaft)
MD : 119mm (overall), 53mm (shaft)
MAT : Silver partly gilded Structure:hammered, raised, cut Decoration: chased, cut, punched, engraved##Bonding: soldered
TYP : OR
RG : A.A. (G.I.) 2.7.1992
CO : Some bells are missing.
AQ : The Odessa collection
BIB : Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, pl.31. Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, pp. 115, no. 24
REM : The date of the city hallmark of Odessa precedes the dates on the hallmarks of the assay and artist. The object is dated according to the two matching hallmarks. The city hallmark must be checked again.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a